Plane & Spokeshave Details

OK, so a little more detail on the plans for the planes and spokeshave are needed.  As noted in the comments in the previous post, the layout on these tools has not been done yet.  They have been planed to dimensions necessary prior to layout, but no layout has been done.  I’ll go over that.

For the spokeshave, I’m using a pretty piece of hard maple, but just about any relatively dense hardwood would work.  There’s going to be a brass wear plate attached at the front of the sole, so the wear characteristics of the wood are not that important. It will be helpful if your particular piece of wood is dense enough to be tapped for machine screw threads though. This isn’t critical, but it allows you to add a nice little feature for adjustment if your wood can hold the threads.

I ripped the blank out of a 5/4 flatsawn board, so the wide top and bottom surfaces are quartersawn faces.  This is mostly for the appearance and because it’s the stock I had.  Turning the grain orientation the other way so the flat sawn faces are on top and bottom would be fine too (i.e. just sawing a blank out of a 3/4″ thick flat sawn board).  This is a small tool with a small cross section.  The amount of wood movement is going to be so small that we can more or less ignore it in such a small piece.

Spokeshave

Here’s a pdf of the above picture.  If you print it out on legal sized paper it will be full scale and you can use the drawing as a template for sawing and shaping later.

pdf-icon - spokeshave plans
Download Full Scale Spokeshave Plans

In terms of the blade, there are multiple options, but the blade you choose will impact the blade mounting steps, the mode of adjustment, and possibly the dimensions of your blank.  So I suggest getting a blade ahead of time, before you cut your blank to size.  Then you can compare the dimensions of your blade to the dimensions of mine in the drawing.  I made my own blade, so it is highly unlikely that the dimensions of your blade will match mine exactly (plus I didn’t measure my blade super accurately with a caliper or anything like that).  You will have to make some minor adjustments to the pattern to fit your own blade.

Of course if you’re up for it, you could also make your own blade like I did.  Then your blade could be made to match the dimensions of mine, or any dimensions you desire.  I’m not going to go over that process though.  It’s pretty straight forward (obtain 1/8″ thick O1 tool steel; cut out the shape of a spokeshave blade with a hacksaw & files;  drill & tap holes for threaded rods; grind & harden blade).

Hock Tools sells a blade that is similar in dimensions to my homemade blade (their larger blade), but it’s not exactly the same, so you’ll need to modify the plans to fit the blade.  However, if you buy the Hock blade you will be able to follow the exact same construction process as I will be using as the blade adjustment will work the same way.

Another blade option is the Lee Valley kit. The adjustment mechanism is different on this kit though, so you will likely have to alter the dimensions of your stock from what I’m using in order to use this kit. They should have instructions and recommended stock size available on their web site.

OK. We’ll do the plane blanks next time.  I’m going to build the spokeshave first.

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6 thoughts on “Plane & Spokeshave Details

  1. I’m glad to see your starting with the spokeshave, I will however go the Hock blade route. Thanks for doing this instruction.

  2. I’ve been sitting on the Veritas large spokeshave kit for a while now and just happen to have a remnant of hard maple that will be perfect for it, so I’ll be happy to follow along.

  3. many thanks Bob. I built my homemade choal forge..i’m dreaming to build my forge my plane irons, cutters, and planemaker floaters. Could you index me areliable source of o-1 steel in the right thickness that will ship in Europe?

    • You’re best bet for having O1 shipped to Italy might be eBay. I have a couple of sources that I use here in the states, including McMaster Carr (my preferred) and MSC Direct. I’m not sure if either of these places ships international though. I have bought O1 from eBay before and have not had a problem. You can find a pretty good selection of sizes as well.

  4. I have a bar of 1/8″x2″x12″ O1 that I purchased on eBay, so I think I’ll have a go at making my own blade. I’ve got your measurements from the drawings, but could you tell me at what angle you ground the bevel (cutting edge) on your blade?

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